The Development of NanoConfinement Reactions


     Deuterium Energetics is a spinoff of a company that developed water filtration technology using the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). CNTs have a unique structure that can be conceptualized by wrapping a one-atom-thick layer of graphite into a seamless cylinder. The graphic on the home page is a schematic depiction of a single-walled CNT. The spheres represent the carbon atoms and the rods the bonds between the carbon atoms. 

     CNTs can have a diameter of about 1 nanometer (1 ten millionth of a centimeter) with a length up to 132 million times its diameter. CNTs have diameter dimensions at the atomic level so the interaction of CNTs with other materials is not predictable. In addition, at the atomic level, concepts like pressure and temperature are not entirely understood. 

     Because of the electronic environment created by CNTs, our scientists believed that if deuterium * could be sufficiently confined inside a CNT ** such that some type of energy producing reaction could take place without the temperature and pressure needed for conventional nuclear fusion. 

     Our research has confirmed  that confinement of deuterium in CNTs results in some type of reaction that produces energy. 

     We believe the reaction is 2D + 2D → 4He + 23.8 MeV.


* Deuterium is a non-radioactive isotope of hydrogen. For every 6500 atoms of hydrogen in ordinary water (H2O) there is also one atom of deuterium (~154 PPM) in the form of D2O. Deuterium can also exist as a gas, D2.

** Recent research at Oak Ridge National Laboratories  (may be downloaded at the end of the website) confirmed that water (and hence D2O) can be confined within CNTs.  (may be downloaded at the end of the website) (